The “mountain of fire”, named Vesuvius, stands majestically with its 1281 m at the centerof the Gulf of Naples. Considered one of the most beautiful craters in the world, becameinfamous for the catastrophic eruption of 79 AD, as told by Pliny the Younger, whodestroyed the spectacular Roman city of Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae. The giantmountain, as it is often dubbed by the media, would have as many as 400,000 years andwould be one of the few volcanoes capable of giving life to be characterized by weak activity explosive eruptions with lava flows, and catastrophic events such as the so-callederuptions plinian. Another famous eruption of an explosive nature is one that involved thecity of Massa, and Sum 18 March 1944. Besides illegal building, sadly knownphenomenon that has long interested in the volcano’s slopes, another issue involving the cone: the absence of an evacuation plan that could put safely in a short time, over 600,000 people directly involved . In short, any volcanic disaster, environmental degradation and the heavy urbanization are only a partial remedy was born in 1995 whenthe National Park of Vesuvius which extends for approximately 8000 acres andencompasses 13 municipalities. The purpose of the park is not only the preservation of rare biodiversity increasingly threatened by human encroachment, but also of a hugenatural heritage, unique in its expression. In fact, the vegetation has as many as 900living species and the soil in which they take root is very fertile because of the lava.Moreover, in addition to 100 species of birds present, the volcano is also home to a variety of small mammals and predators, like rats Querini, dormice, the dormice,martens, foxes and weasels.